ANZECC (2000) Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality. Australian and New Zealand Environmental Conservation Council and Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand. http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/water/anzecc-water-quality-guide-02/anzecc-water-quality-guide-02-pdfs.html
ARC (2002) Background Concentration of Inorganic Elements in Soils from the Auckland Region. Auckland Regional Council Technical Publication TP153. http://www.arc.govt.nz/albany/fms/main/Documents/Plans/Technical publications/151-200/TP153 Background concentrations of inorganic elements in soils from the Auckland regions 2001.pdf (PDF, 2.3 MB)
Asano, S; Eto, K., Kurisaki, E., Gunji, H., Hiraiwa, K., Sato, M., Sato, H., Hasuike, M., Hagiwara, N. and Wakasa, H. (2000) Acute Inorganic Mercury Vapor Inhalation Poisoning. Pathology International, 50, pp 169–174.
ATSDR (1999) Toxicology Profile for Mercury. U.S. Department of health and Human Services. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Aucott, M., McLinden, M and Winka, M. (2003) Release of Mercury from Broken Fluorescent Bulbs. Journal of Air and Waste Management. 53, pp 143–151.
Bauughman, T. (2006) Elemental Mercury Spills. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 2, pp147-152.
Bibby, D. M., Patterson, J. E. and O'Neill, S.(1988) Levels of atmospheric mercury at two sites in the Wellington area, New Zealand, Environmental Technology, 9:1,71–74.
Bierre, A., Gordon, A., Pybus, J., Lines, D., (1977) Mercury Levels in Residents of a Geothermal Area in the Central North Island. New Zealand Medical Journal, pp 464–466.
Castro-Gonzalez, M. and Mendez-Armenta ,M. (2008) Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 26, pp 263–271.
Cavanagh, J E (in prep) Toxicological criteria for priority contaminants: Part 2, unpublished report, Ministry for the Environment, Wellington.
Chandrasekhar, T. (2007) Remediation of Indoor Airborne Mercury released from Broken Fluorescent Lamps. Department of Environmental Protection, Florida.
Clarkson, T; Magos, L., and Myers, M. (2003). Toxicology of Mercury – Current Exposures and Clinical Manifestations. New England Journal of Medicine, 349, 18, pp 1731–1737.
Clarkson, T. and Magos, L. (2006). The toxicology of mercury and its chemical compounds”. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 36, 8, pp 609–662.
Cook, A. and Weinstein, P. (2005) Volcanic Emissions and Health Risk of Metal Contaminants. In Metal Contamination in New Zealand, T. A. Moore, A. Black, J. Ceneno, J. Harding, and D. Trumm (Eds), Resolutionz Press.
Counter, S. A., and Buchanan (2004) Mercury Exposure in Children: A Review. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 198, pp 209–230.
Craw, D and Chappell, D. (2000) Metal redistribution in historic mine wastes, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 2000, Vol. 43: 187-198.
Craw, D., Chappell, D. and Reay, A. (2000) Environmental mercury and Arsenic Sources in Fossil Hydrothermal Systems, Northland, New Zealand. Environmental Geology, 39, 8, pp 875-887.
Davies, H, Nokes, C, Ritichie, J (2001) A Report on the Chemical Quality of New Zealand’s Community Drinking Water Supplies. ESR Technical Report FW0120. Ministry of Health, Wellington.
De Mora, S., Bibby, D. and Patterson, J. (1991) Baseline Concentration and Speciation of Atmospheric Mercury at Baring Head (41°S), New Zealand, Environmental Technology, 12, 10, pp 943–946.
Diez, S. (2008) Human Health Effects of Methylmercury Exposure. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 198, pp 111–132.
Driscoll, T., Mannetje, A. Dryson, E., Feyer, A-M., Gander, P., McCracken, S., Pearce, N., Wagstaffe, M. (2004) The Burden of Occupational Disease and Injury in New Zealand: Technical Report. NOHSAC, Wellington.
Durand, M., Florkowski, C., George, P., Walmsley, T., and Weinstein, P (2005) Effect of Volcanic Gas Exposure on Urine, Blood, and Serum Chemistry. The New Zealand Medical Journal. 118, 1210, pp 1–9.
ECNZ (1992) Huntly Power Station Application for Air Discharge Permits: Assessment of Potential Environmental Effects. Electricity Corporation of New Zealand Limited, September 1992.
Environment Waikato (2007) Trace Elements in Sediments of the Lower Eastern Coast of the Firth of Thames. Environment Waikato Technical Report 2007/08. http://www.ew.govt.nz/Publications/Technical-Reports/Trace-Elements-in-Sediments-of-the-Lower-Eastern-Coast-of-the-Firth-of-Thames/
Fellows, K. and Bates, M. N. (1998) Mercury Concentrations in Ambient Air of the Rotorua, New Zealand, Geothermal Area. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 60, pp 885–891.
Fitzgerald, W. F., Mason, R. P., Vandal, G. M. and Dulac, F. (1994) Air-water cycling of Mercury in Lakes. In Mercury Pollution-Integration and Synthesis. Edited by C. J. Watras and j. W. Huckabee. Lewis Publishers.
Fowler, J., Bates, M., and Noiton, D. (2000). The Chemical Constituents in Cigarettes and Cigarette Smoke: Priorities for Harm Reduction, A Report to the New Zealand Ministry of Health.
Groth, Edward (2008) Shedding Light on Mercury Risk from CFL Breakage. Prepared for The Mercury Policy Project, February 2008. http://mppcclearn.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/final_shedding_light_all.pdf (PDF, 2.3 MB)
Gustin, M., Lindberg, S. and Weisberg, P. (2008) An update on the natural sources and sinks of atmospheric mercury. Applied Geochemistry, 23, pp 482–493.
Hazrada, M. (1995) Minamata Disease: Methyl mercury Poisoning in Japan caused by Environmental Pollution. Critical Reviews in Toxicology. 25, (1) pp 1–25.
Hu, H (2000) Exposure to Metals. Primary Care, 27, 4, pp 983-996.
Jackson, T. A. (1997) Long-range Atmospheric Transport of Mercury to Ecosystems, and the Importance of Anthropogenic Emissions- A Critical review and Evaluation of the Published Evidence. Environmental Reviews, 5, pp 99–120.
Jones, L. Bunnell, J and Stillman, J. (2007) A 30-year follow-up of residual effects on New Zealand School Dental Nurses, from occupational mercury exposure. Human and Experimental Toxicology, 26: 367–374.
Kim, J.P. (1995) Methylmercury in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from Lakes Okareka, Okaro, Rotomahana, Rotorua and Tarawera, North Island, New Zealand. Science of the Total Environment 164 (3), pp 209–219.
Kim, N (1995) A Gnawing Issue: Mercury Amalgam Fillings in Context. Notes from Wellington Branch of the New Zealand Dental Association, August 1995.Laudal, D.; Pavlish, J.; Graves, J.; Stockdill, D. (2000) Mercury Mass Balances: A Case Study of two North Dakota Power Plants. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 50, 10, pp 1798–1804.
Lars Järup (2003) Hazards of Heavy Metal Contamination. British Medical Bulletin, 68: 167–182.
Lindberg, S. E., Southworth, G., Bogle A., Blasing, T., Owens, J., Zhang, H., Kuiken, T., Reinhart, D. and Sfier, H. (2005) Airborne Emissions of Mercury from Municipal Solid Waste. 1: New Measurements from Six Operating Landfills in Florida. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association. 55, pp 859–869.
Lindberg, S.E., Southworth, G., Prestbo, E.M., Wallschlager, D., Bogle, M.A., Price, J. (2005b) Gaseous methyl- and inorganic mercury in landfill gas from landfills in Florida, Minnesota, Delaware, and California. Atmospheric Environment, 39 (2), pp 249–258.
Maine DEP (2008) Compact Fluorescent Lamp Study, Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Augusta, Maine, USA.
Martin, C. (2005) Sources and Impacts of Metals and Other Elements Associated with Fertiliser. In Metal Contamination in New Zealand, T. A. Moore, A. Black, J. Ceneno, J. Harding, and D. Trumm (Eds), Resolutionz Press.
McBride, M. and Spiders, G. (2001) Trace Element Content of Selected Fertiliser and Dairy Manures as Detected by ICP-MS. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 32, 1 and 2, pp 139156.
MED (2004) Explore New Zealand Gold, Crown Minerals, Ministry of Economic Development, Wellington.
MfE (2009) Waste Minimisation in New Zealand – A discussion document from the Ministry for the Environment. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington http://www.crownminerals.govt.nz/cms/minerals/publications
MoH (2005) Draft Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality Management for New Zealand 2005. Second Edition. Ministry of Health, Wellington.
Mozaffarian, D., and Rimm, E.B., (2006) Fish Intake, Contaminants, and Human Health: Evaluating the Risks and the Benefits. Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 296, 1885–1899.
Neild, J., O'Flaherty, P., Hedley, P., Underwood, R., Brown, P., Johnston, D. and Christenson, B. (1999) Impact of a Volcanic Eruption on Agriculture and Forestry in New Zealand. MAF Policy Technical Paper 99/2 http://www.maf.govt.nz/mafnet/rural-nz/emergency-management/volcanoes/volcano-eruption-impact/httoc.htm
Nieschmidt, A. and Kim, N (1997) Effects of Mercury Release from Amalgam Dental Restorations During Cremation on Soil Mercury Levels of Three New Zealand Crematoria. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 58, pp 744–751.
NZFSA (2009) Mercury in Fish http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/consumers/chemicals-nutrients-additives-and-toxins/mercury-in-seafood/index.htm
Olfert, S. (2006) Reproductive Outcomes among Dental Personnel: A Review of Selected Exposures. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association. 72, 9, pp 821–824.
Pope , J., Reichelt-Brushett, Brown, K. and McConchie (2005) Trace Element Geochemistry in Waiotapu Stream: A small Stream in Receipt of Geothermal Discharge. In Metal Contamination in New Zealand, T. A. Moore, A. Black, J. Ceneno, J. Harding, and D. Trumm (Eds), Resolutionz Press.
Pyle, D. and Mather, T. (2003) The Importance of Volcanic Emissions for the Global Atmospheric Mercury Cycle. Atmospheric Environment, 37, pp 5115–5124.
Richardson, G. Mark (2003) Inhalation of Mercury-Contaminated Participate Matter by Dentists: An Overlooked Occupational Risk. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal. 9:6, pp 1519–1531
Risher, J. F., Richard A. Nickle, Sherlita N. Amler (2003) Elemental mercury Poisoning in Industrial and residential settings. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 206, 371–379.
Rumsby, A (2009) Trace Elements in Sediments of Waikato West Coast Estuaries. Environment Waikato Technical Report TR 2009/08. Technical Report prepared by Pattle Delamore Partners. http://www.ew.govt.nz/Publications/Technical-Reports/TR200908/
Satoh, H. (2000) Occupational and Environmental Toxicology of Mercury and Its Compounds. Industrial Health, 38, pp153–164.
Siegel, F. (2002) Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals. Springer.
Southworth, G. R., Lindberg, S. Bogle, M. A. J., Zhang, H., Kuiken, T., Reinhart, D. and Sfier, H. (2005) Airborne Emissions of Mercury from Municipal Solid Waste. II: Potential Losses of Airborne Mercury before Landfill. Journal of Air and Waste Management. 55, pp 870–877.
Standards Australia (2006) HB 203:2006 Environmental Risk Management: Principal and Process.
Tchounwou, P; Ayensu W., Ninashashvili, N. and Sutton, D. (2003) Environmental Exposure to Mercury and its Toxicopathologic Implications for Public Health. Environmental Toxicology, 18, pp 149–175.
TERA (2008) Screening Level Risk Characterisation for Mercury Exposure from Broken Compact Fluorescent Lamps. Prepared by Toxicological Excellence for Risk Assessment for the Ministry of Health. December, 2008. http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/indexmh/mercury-exposure-risk-from-compact-fluorescent-lamps-june09 (accessed July 2009).
Timperley, M and Hill, L. (1997) Discharge of Mercury from the Wairakei Geothermal Power Station to the Waikato River, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 31: 327–336.
Tsuchiya, A., Hardy, J. Burbacher, T.M. Faustman, E.M., Mariën, K. (2008) Fish intake guidelines: Incorporating n-3 fatty acid intake and contaminant exposure in the Korean and Japanese communities. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87 (6), pp 1867–1875.
UNEP (2005), Toolkit for identification and quantification of mercury releases. United Nations Environment Programme, Geneva.
UNEP (2008), Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment: Sources, Emissions and Transport, Chemicals Branch, United Nations Environment Programme, Geneva, Switzerland.
US EPA (1995). Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Mercuric Chloride. Oral reference dose and carcinogenicity assessment. http://www.epa.gov/iris/index.html (accessed January 2009).
US EPA (1995b) Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Elemental Mercury Reference Concentration for Chronic Inhalation Exposure, http://www.epa.gov/iris/index.html (accessed April 2009).
US EPA (1997a) Mercury. Report to Congress Office of Air Quality and Standards. Washington, DC. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
USEPA (1997b) Exposure Factors Handbook. National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC.
Vannoort, RW, Thomson, BM (2005). 2003/2004 New Zealand Total Diet Survey. New Zealand Food Safety Authority, Wellington. http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/science/research-projects/total-diet-survey/reports/full-final-report/index.htm
Weissberg, B.G., and Rohde, A.G. (1978) Mercury in Some New Zealand Geothermal Discharges. New Zealand Journal of Science. 21, 3, pp 365–369.
WHO (1972) Evaluation of Mercury, Lead, Cadmium and the Food Additives Amaranth, Diethylpyrocarbonate, and Octyl Gallate. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO Food Additives Series, No. 4, Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO (1991) Environmental Health Criteria 118: Inorganic Mercury. World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO (2000) Air Quality Guidelines for Europe. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.
WHO (2003). Elemental Mercury and Inorganic Mercury Compounds: Human Health Aspects. Concise International Chemical Assessment Document. CICAD 50. Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO (2008) Guidance for Identifying Populations at Risk from Mercury Exposure, WHO Department of Food Safety, Zoonoses and Foodborne Diseases. Geneva, Switzerland.